What is GST Return?
A return is a document which contains all the details of the income which a taxpayer is obliged to file with the tax regulatory authorities. This is used by tax professionals to calculate tax liability.
Under GST, a registered dealer has to file GST returns that include:
- Output GST (On sales)
- Input tax credit (GST paid on purchases)
Different Types of GST Return Forms
|Return form||Who should file the return and what should be filed?||Due date for filing returns|
|GSTR-1||A registered taxable supplier should file details of outward supplies of taxable goods and services as affected.||10th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-2||The registered taxable recipient should file details of inward supplies of taxable goods and services claiming an input tax credit.||15th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-3||A registered taxable person should file a monthly return on the basis of finalization of details of outward supplies and inward supplies plus the payment of an amount of tax.||20th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-4||Composition supplier should file a quarterly return.||18th of the month succeeding quarter.|
|GSTR-5||Return for a non-resident taxable person.||20th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-6||Return for input service distributor.||13th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-7||Return for authorities carrying out tax deduction at source.||10th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-8||E-commerce operator or tax collector should file details of supplies effected and the amount of tax collected.||10th of the forthcoming month.|
|GSTR-9||A registered taxable person should file an annual return.||31 December of the next fiscal year.|
|GSTR-10||The taxable person whose registration has been canceled or surrendered should file a final return.||Within 3 months of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.|
|GSTR-11||A person having UIN claiming a refund should file details of inward supplies.||28th of the month, following the month for which the statement was filed.|
Different kinds of GST return Forms
GST return can be filed using different forms depending on the type of registration and transaction of the taxpayer. GST Return forms for regular taxpayers are:
GSTR-1 return form has to be filed by a registered taxable supplier with details of the outer supplies of goods and services. This form is filled by the supplier. The buyer has to confirm the auto-populated purchase information on the form and make modifications if required.
GSTR-1 return form has to be filed by 10th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-2 return form has to be filed by a registered taxable recipient with details of the internal supplies of goods and services.
GSTR-2 return form has to be filed by 15th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-3 return form has to be filed by a registered taxpayer with the details that are automatically populated by from GSTR-1 and GSTR-2 returns forms. The taxpayer has to check and make modifications if any.
GSTR-3 return form has to be filed by 20th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-4 return form has to be filed by taxpayers who have opted for the Composition Scheme. Taxpayers with small business or a turnover of up to Rs.75 lakh can opt for the Composition Scheme wherein he or she has to pay tax at a solidified rate based on the type of business. Taxpayers under this scheme will not have input tax credit facility.
GSTR-4 return form has to be filed by 18th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-5 return form has to be filed by all registered non-resident taxpayers.
GSTR-5 return form has to be filed by 20th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-6 return form has to be filed by all taxpayers who are registered as an Input Service Distributor.
GSTR-6 return form has to be filed by 13th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-7 return form has to be filed by all registered taxpayers who are required to deduct tax at source under the GST rule.
GSTR-7 return form has to be filed by 10th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-8 return form has to be filed by all e-Commerce operators who are required to manage tax at source under the GST rule.
GSTR-8 return form has to be filed by 10th of the forthcoming month.
GSTR-9 return form is filed by normal taxpayers with details of all income and expenditure for the year. This detail will be regrouped in accordance with the monthly returns. The taxpayer will have the opportunity to make changes in the information provided if required. GSTR-9 return form has to be filed by 31st December of the forthcoming financial year along with the audited copies of the annual accounts.
GSTR-10 return form has to be filed by any taxpayer who opts for cancellation of GST registration.
GSTR-10 final return form has to be filed within 3 months of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.
GSTR-11 return form has to be filed by everyone who has been issued a Unique Identity Number (UIN) and claims a refund of the taxes paid on inward supplies.
GSTR-11 form has to be filed on 28th of the month, forthcoming the month for which supply was received.
How to File GST Returns Online?
From the manufacturers and the suppliers to the dealers and the consumers, all taxpayers have to file their GST returns with the GST department each year. Under the new GST management, filing tax returns has shifted automated. GST returns can be filed online using the software/apps provided by GSTN (Goods and Service Tax Network) which will auto-populate the details on each GST Return forms. Listed below are the few steps for filing GST returns online:
Visit the official GST website (www.gst.gov.in).
– A 15-digit GST identification number will be issued based on your state code and PAN number.
– Upload the invoices on the GST website or the software. An invoice reference number will be generated against each invoice.
– After uploading invoices, outside return, inside return, and cumulative monthly return have to be filed online. If there are any errors, you have the option to correct it and refile the returns.
– File the outside supply returns in GSTR-1 form through the information section at the GST Portal (GSTN) on or before 10th of the forthcoming month.
– Details of outside supplies furnished by the supplier will be made available in GSTR-2A to the recipient.
– The recipient has to check, validate, and modify the details of outside supplies, and also file details of credit or debit notes.
– The recipient has to provide the details of inside supplies of taxable goods and services in GSTR-2 form.
– The supplier can either allow or deny the modifications of the details of inside supplies made available by the recipient in GSTR-1A.